Safe Storage, Fire Arm Safety Device Requirements & Gun Laws1 Gun Deaths Per Year 1 RD Highest Gun Death Rate 1 .7 Gun Deaths Per 100K Residents Safe Storage/FSD Gun Suicide Federal Law Young People & Guns Safe Storage/FSD
All firearms sold or transferred in California by a licensed dealer, including private transfers conducted by a dealer, must include a FSD (Firearms Safety Device) listed on the DOJ Roster of approved FSD’s.
2013-2017, 7,917 people in California died by gun-related suicide. That’s 1 every 6 hours!
More than half of all gun deaths in California are suicides, and nearly 40% of all suicide deaths involve a firearm.
- It is unlawful for any licensed importer, manufacturer or dealer to sell or transfer any handgun unless the transferee is provided with a secure gun storage or safety device.
- The law includes various exceptions, including transfers to other federal firearms licensees, law enforcement officers, and federal, state or local agencies.
- The legislation does not apply to transfers by private sellers. and does not require that transferees use the device.
- There are no current federal standards for locking devices.
- January 16, 2013, President Obama signed a series of executive orders to address gun violence and school safety in the wake of the Newtown, Connecticut school massacre in December 2012.
- On of the orders calls for the Consumer Product Safety Commision to review the effectiveness of gun locks and gun safes.
- Including existing coluntary industry standards, and take steps that may be warranted to improve those standards.
- A statement by President Obama: “We also need to make sure that gun locks and gun safes work as intended. Several gun lock have been subject to recall due to their failure to function properly; that is not acceptable.”
Sources: The White House, Now is the Time: The President’s Plan to Protect Our Children and Our Communities by Reducing Gun Violence (Jan. 16, 2013): https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/docs/wh_now_is_the_time_full.pdf
- From 2013-2017, 3,278 people under the age of 25 were killed with a gun in California.
- Guns are the third leading cause of death for California children ages 1-17
- Exposure to gun violence can cause lasting trauma in young people leading to PTSD, chronic stress and decreased future earnings.
2020 Sources: Giffords Law Center, CDC WONDER, FBI Supplementary Homicide Reports.
Someone is killed with a gun every three hours! That’s 3,086 people a year.
California Gun Laws
- Universal background checks
- Extreme risk protection orders
- Domestic violence gun laws
- Assault weapon and magazine restrictions
- Waiting periods
- Strong concealed carry law
- Minimum age laws
- Open carry regulations
- Safe storage laws
- Community violence intervention funding
- Lost & stolen firearm reporting
- Ghost gun ban
- Gun dealer regulation
- Local authority to regulate firearms
- State firearm sale records retention
- Gun violence research funding
10 Important Firearm Safety Device Tips:
Laws concerning firearms ownership, storage and handling vary among states and local jurisdictions. Learn and comply with your state and local laws and those of any jurisdiction to which you plan to transport or use firearms.
- 1. All Firearms should always be assumed to be loaded and should be handled as such.
- 2. Learn the mechanical and handling characteristics of the firearm you are using.
- 3. Don’t rely on your gun’s “safety”.
- 4. Keep firearms pointed in a safe direction at all times, even when unloaded.
- 5. Store firearms unloaded, locked, and in an out-of-sight location out of the reach of children.
- 6. Store ammunition separately under lock and key.
- 7. Store your gun lock key in a place separate from the gun out of the reach of any unauthorized users.
- 8. Gun locks are not a substitute for safe firearm handling and storage.
- 9. Safety and safe firearms handling are everyone’s responsibility.
- 10. Teach children basic principles of firearm safety. When encountering a gun: Do not touch it! Tell and adult!
California generally has strong child access prevention laws that make people criminally liable for leaving firearms accessible to minors in various circumstances.
First, California law makes it a crime for a person to negligently store or leave any firearm on premises within the person’s custody or control, in a location where the person knows, or reasonably should know, that a child under 18 is likely to gain access to the firearm without the permission of the child’s parent or legal guardian. (A person may be found to have violated this law even if a minor never actually accessed or used the firearm). No liability is imposed in this situation if reasonable action is taken to secure the firearm against access by a child.
Other child access prevention laws in California impose steeper penalties in situations where a minor gains access to or uses an unsafely stored firearm:
- California makes someone criminally liable for keeping a firearm on his or her premises where he or she knows or reasonably should know a child is likely to gain access to the firearm without the permission of the child’s parent or legal guardian, if the child does gain access and carries the firearm off the premises.
- A person is also criminally liable for keeping a loaded firearm where he or she knows or reasonably should know that a child is likely to gain access to the firearm without the permission of the child’s parent or guardian, if the child actually does gain access to the firearm and either carries it to a public place, brandishes it in a threatening manner, or if someone is injured as a result of the child gaining access to the firearm. The penalty imposed is significantly greater if someone dies or suffers great bodily injury as a result of the child gaining access to the firearm.
- Moreover, a person is criminally liable for keeping any firearm, loaded or unloaded, on his or her premises where he or she knows or reasonably should know a child is likely to gain access to the firearm without the permission of the child’s parent or legal guardian, if the child does gain access to it and carries the firearm to any preschool or school grades K-12 or to any school-sponsored event, activity, or performance.
These laws generally do not apply if:
- The firearm was kept in a locked container or in a location that a reasonable person would believe to be secure.
- The firearm was locked with a locking device that rendered the firearm inoperable.
- The person had no reasonable expectation, based on objective facts and circumstances, that a child was likely to be present on the premises.
- The child obtained the firearm as a result of an illegal entry into any premises by any person.
Written by Dennis H. Former Lt, Field Director UCMC with over 40 years of Law Enforcement experience.
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